The Cottage Gardener

The Cottage Gardener Online Catalogue

We have been providing rare and endangered heirloom varieties of vegetables, herbs and flowers to gardeners and market growers since 1996. Our online catalogue has over 650 heirloom seed varieties available, in retail packet sizes and bulk amounts. We have one of the most diverse selections of Certified Organic seeds in Canada, and we add to this each year.



Greens, Lettuce

  1. A Description of Lettuce

    History: The exact ancestor of lettuce is unknown but was probably the wild lettuce "Lactuca serriola". We do know that lettuce is an ancient cultivated plant - Herodatus reported that it was grown as early as 550 BC. By the time of Henry VIII, in 1530, it was prized as a garden vegetable and Gerarde, in his herbal of 1597, describes eight varieties. The ancient Romans discovered a unique upright variety on the Greek island of Cos; they popularized it so much that it became known as "romaine" although many still call it "cos" in honour of its birthplace. Cultivation: Easy to grow. Sow seed 1/4" deep in early spring and thin to 4-6" apart. Continual harvesting encourages new growth. Lettuce is a cool weather crop so sow another crop in late summer for harvesting past heavy frosts. Companions: onions, carrots and radishes.


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U.S. Customers Only Due to recent U.S. changes in import regulations, we regret that we cannot ship seeds to the U.S. at this time.